What is the Carta de Nacionalización?
The Carta de Nacionalización is a way for obtaining Chilean citizenship according to article 10 of the Chilean Constitution, which is further developed by a government decree issued by the Ministry of Interior and Public Safety, by order of the President of Chile.
In what cases can I obtain the nacionalidad (Chilean citizenship)?
- If you have reached 18 years of age, you are a holder of a valid Residencia Definitiva permit, and you have five years or more of residence in Chile (from the date you obtained the Estampado Electrónico of the Residencia Temporal permit that gave rise to the Residencia Definitiva permit that remains valid) according to the Decreto Supremo No. 5.142 (Government Decree).
- If you are the son or daughter of foreigners, and you are 14 years of age or older, you are a holder of a Residencia Definitiva permit, and you have five years or more of residence in Chile (counting from the date you obtained the Residencia Temporal permit that gave rise to the Residencia Definitiva permit that remains valid), and also you have a notarized authorization from your parents or the person in charge of your custody (this must be confirmed by a legal document).
- If you are less than 18 years old, and your parents or at least one of them has a refugee status (recognized by Chile), and at least one of them has obtained the Carta de Nacionalización.
- If you are a permanent resident, and you can certify two years of continuous residence in Chilean territory (counting from the date you obtained the Residencia Temporal permit that gave rise to the Residencia Definitiva permit that remains valid), and according to the Law No. 21.325 of Migración y Extranjería, you have any of the following family bonds with a Chilean citizen:
If you have been the spouse of a Chilean citizen for at least two years, your marriage has been registered in Chile, and you have lived with your Chilean spouse in the same household for at least two years (according to the article 133 of the Chilean Civil Code).
If you are a relative of a Chilean citizen up to the second degree of consanguinity, or if you have been adopted by Chilean citizens.
If any of your parents lost their Chilean citizenship before your birthday.
Where can I apply for Chilean citizenship?
You can apply online at the Portal de Trámites Digitales of the Servicio Nacional de Migraciones. You will need a login account or ClaveÚnica for such purposes. You will also have to comply with all the requirements.
Once logged in, you should look for “Solicitud de Carta de Nacionalización”.
How to apply for the Carta de Nacionalización?
Review the step-by-step instructions in the following guide:
As an applicant, you must attach the general documentation plus the specific documentation for your application, as shown below:
For people not related to a Chilean citizen
For people related to a Chilean citizen
This family bond may be a spouse, father, mother, child, grandchild, grandparent, sibling, a person adopted by a Chilean, or a child of a father or mother who, having been Chilean, lost his or her nationality before the applicant’s birth.
For children of refugees with a nationalized Chilean father or mother
Important information regarding documentation
The Portal de Trámites Digitales will not allow you to submit incomplete applications, so you must upload all the requested documents. Otherwise, you will not be able to proceed or complete your application.
It is also necessary to keep in mind that if you upload erroneous, incomplete, or incorrect information, you will be notified that your application will not proceed and you will be granted a period of sixty working days, counted from such notification, to rectify the missing information or attach the respective documents.
If this is not done within the indicated period, the procedure will be considered abandoned and your application will be filed. However, you will have the possibility of submitting a new application through the digital platform once you have all the background information that supports your application: complete, updated, and current documentation as of the date of submission.